75 - ARBITRATION
7501. Effect of arbitration agreement.
7502. Applications to the court; venue; statutes of limitations;
(a) Applications to the court; venue.
(b) Limitation of time.
(c) Provisional remedies.
7503. Application to compel or stay arbitration; stay of action;
notice of intention to arbitrate.
(a) Application to compel arbitration; stay of action.
(b) Application to stay arbitration.
(c) Notice of intention to arbitrate.
7504. Court appointment of arbitrator.
7505. Powers of arbitrator.
(a) Oath of arbitrator.
(b) Time and place.
(d) Representation by attorney.
(e) Determination by majority.
7507. Award; form; time; delivery.
7508. Award by confession.
(a) When available.
(b) Time of award.
(c) Person or agency making award.
7509. Modification of award by arbitrator.
7510. Confirmation of award.
7511. Vacating or modifying award.
(a) When application made.
(b) Grounds for vacating.
(c) Grounds for modifying.
7512. Death or incompetency of a party.
7513. Fees and expenses.
7514. Judgment on an award.
Sec. 7501. Effect of arbitration agreement. A written
agreement to submit any controversy thereafter arising or any existing controversy to arbitration is enforceable without regard
to the justiciable character of the controversy and confers jurisdiction on the courts of the state to enforce it and to
enter judgment on an award. In determining any matter arising under this article, the court shall not consider whether the
claim with respect to which arbitration is sought is tenable, or otherwise pass upon the merits of the dispute.
Sec. 7502. Applications to the court; venue; statutes of limitation; provisional remedies. (a) Applications to the court; venue. A special
proceeding shall be used to bring before a court the first application arising out of an arbitrable controversy which is not made by motion in
a pending action. The proceeding shall be brought in the court and county specified in the agreement; or, if none be specified, in a court
in the county in which one of the parties resides or is doing business, or, if there is no such county, in a court in any county; or in a court
in the county in which the arbitration was held. All subsequent applications shall be made by motion in the pending action or the
(b) Limitation of time. If, at the time that a demand for arbitration was made or a notice of intention to arbitrate was served,
the claim sought to be arbitrated would have been barred by limitation of time had it been asserted in a court of the state, a party may assert
the limitation as a bar to the arbitration on an application to the court as provided in section 7503 or subdivision (b) of section 7511.
The failure to assert such bar by such application shall not preclude its assertion before the arbitrators, who may, in their sole discretion,
apply or not apply the bar. Except as provided in subdivision (b) of section 7511, such exercise of discretion by the arbitrators shall not
be subject to review by a court on an application to confirm, vacate or modify the award.
(c) Provisional remedies. The supreme court in the county in which an arbitration is pending, or, in a county specified in subdivision
(a) of this section, may entertain an application for an order of attachment or for a preliminary injunction in connection
with an arbitration that is pending or that is to be commenced inside or outside this state , whether or not it is subject to the United Nations
convention on the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards, but only upon the ground that the award to which the applicant may be
entitled may be rendered ineffectual without such provisional relief. The provisions of articles 62 and 63 of this chapter shall apply to the
application, including those relating to undertakings and to the time for commencement of an action (arbitration shall be deemed an action for
this purpose) , except that the sole ground for the granting of the remedy shall be as stated above. If an arbitration is not commenced within thirty
days of the granting of the provisional relief, the order granting such relief shall expire and be null and void and costs, including reasonable attorney's
fees, awarded to the respondent. The court may reduce or expand this period of time for good cause shown. The form of the application shall be as
provided in subdivision (a) of this section.
Sec. 7503. Application to compel or stay arbitration; stay of action; notice of intention to arbitrate. (a) Application to compel arbitration;
stay of action. A party aggrieved by the failure of another to arbitrate may apply for an order compelling arbitration. Where there is no
substantial question whether a valid agreement was made or complied with, and the claim sought to be arbitrated is not barred by limitation under
subdivision (b) of section 7502, the court shall direct the parties to arbitrate. Where any such question is raised, it shall be tried forthwith
in said court. If an issue claimed to be arbitrable is involved in an action pending in a court having jurisdiction to hear a motion to compel
arbitration, the application shall be made by motion in that action. If the application is granted, the order shall operate to stay a pending or
subsequent action, or so much of it as is referable to arbitration. (b) Application to stay arbitration. Subject to the provisions of
subdivision (c), a party who has not participated in the arbitration and who has not made or been served with an application to compel arbitration,
may apply to stay arbitration on the ground that a valid agreement was not made or has not been complied with or that the claim sought to be
arbitrated is barred by limitation under subdivision (b) of section 7502. (c) Notice of intention to arbitrate. A party may serve upon another
party a demand for arbitration or a notice of intention to arbitrate, specifying the agreement pursuant to which arbitration is sought and the
name and address of the party serving the notice, or of an officer or agent thereof if such party is an association or corporation, and stating that
unless the party served applies to stay the arbitration within twenty days after such service he shall thereafter be precluded from objecting that a
valid agreement was not made or has not been complied with and from asserting in court the bar of a limitation of time. Such notice or demand
shall be served in the same manner as a summons or by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested. An application to stay
arbitration must be made by the party served within twenty days after service upon him of the notice or demand, or he shall be so precluded.
Notice of such application shall be served in the same manner as a summons or by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested. Service of
the application may be made upon the adverse party, or upon his attorney if the attorney`s name appears on the demand for arbitration or the notice of
intention to arbitrate. Service of the application by mail shall be timely if such application is posted within the prescribed period. Any provision
in an arbitration agreement or arbitration rules which waives the right to apply for a stay of arbitration is hereby declared null and void.
Sec. 7504. Court appointment of arbitrator. If the arbitration agreement does not provide for a method of
appointment of an arbitrator, or if the agreed method fails or for any reason is not followed, or if an arbitrator fails to act
and his successor has not been appointed, the court, on application of a party, shall appoint an arbitrator.
Sec. 7505. Powers of arbitrator. An arbitrator and any attorney of record in the arbitration proceeding has the power to issue subpoenas.
An arbitrator has the power to administer oaths.
Sec. 7506. Hearing. (a) Oath of arbitrator. Before hearing any testimony, an arbitrator shall be sworn to hear and decide
the controversy faithfully and fairly by an officer authorized to administer an oath.
(b) Time and place. The arbitrator shall appoint a time and place for the hearing and notify the parties in writing
personally or by registered or certified mail not less than eight days before the hearing. The arbitrator may adjourn or postpone
the hearing. The court, upon application of any party, may direct the arbitrator to proceed promptly with the hearing and
determination of the controversy.
(c) Evidence. The parties are entitled to be heard, to present evidence and to cross-examine witnesses. Notwithstanding
the failure of a party duly notified to appear, the arbitrator may hear and determine the controversy upon the evidence
(d) Representation by attorney. A party has the right to be represented by an attorney and may claim such right at any time
as to any part of the arbitration or hearings which have not taken place. This right may not be waived. If a party is
represented by an attorney, papers to be served on the party shall be served upon his attorney.
(e) Determination by majority. The hearing shall be conducted by all the arbitrators, but a majority may determine
any question and render an award.
(f) Waiver. Except as provided in subdivision (d), a requirement of this section may be waived by written consent of
the parties and it is waived if the parties continue with the arbitration without objection.
Sec. 7507. Award; form; time; delivery. Except as provided in section 7508, the award shall be in writing, signed and
affirmed by the arbitrator making it within the time fixed by the agreement, or, if the time is not fixed, within such time as the
court orders. The parties may in writing extend the time either before or after its expiration. A party waives the objection
that an award was not made within the time required unless he notifies the arbitrator in writing of his objection prior to the
delivery of the award to him. The arbitrator shall deliver a copy of the award to each party in the manner provided in the
agreement, or, if no provision is so made, personally or by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested.
Sec. 7508. Award by confession. (a) When available. An award by confession may be made for money due or to become due at any time before
an award is otherwise made. The award shall be based upon a statement, verified by each party, containing an authorization to make the award,
the sum of the award or the method of ascertaining it, and the facts constituting the liability.
(b) Time of award. The award may be made at any time within three months after the statement is verified.
(c) Person or agency making award. The award may be made by an arbitrator or by the agency or person named by the parties to designate
Sec. 7509. Modification of award by arbitrator. On written application of a party to the arbitrators within twenty days
after delivery of the award to the applicant, the arbitrators may modify the award upon the grounds stated in subdivision (c) of
section 7511. Written notice of the application shall be given to other parties to the arbitration. Written objection to
modification must be served on the arbitrators and other parties to the arbitration within ten days of receipt of the notice. The
arbitrators shall dispose of any application made under this section in writing, signed and acknowledged by them, within
thirty days after either written objection to modification has been served on them or the time for serving said objection has
expired, whichever is earlier. The parties may in writing extend the time for such disposition either before or after its
Sec. 7510. Confirmation of award. The court shall confirm an award upon application of a party made within one year after its
delivery to him, unless the award is vacated or modified upon a ground specified in section 7511.
Sec. 7511. Vacating or modifying award. (a) When application made. An application to vacate or modify an award
may be made by a party within ninety days after its delivery to him.
(b) Grounds for vacating.
1. The award shall be vacated on the application of a party who either participated in the arbitration or was served with a
notice of intention to arbitrate if the court finds that the rights of that party were prejudiced by:
(i) corruption, fraud or misconduct in procuring the award; or
(ii) partiality of an arbitrator appointed as a neutral, except where the award was by confession; or
(iii) an arbitrator, or agency or person making the award exceeded his power or so imperfectly executed it that a final and
definite award upon the subject matter submitted was not made; or
(iv) failure to follow the procedure of this article, unless the party applying to vacate the award continued with the
arbitration with notice of the defect and without objection.
2. The award shall be vacated on the application of a party who neither participated in the arbitration nor was served with a
notice of intention to arbitrate if the court finds that:
(i) the rights of that party were prejudiced by one of the grounds specified in paragraph one; or
(ii) a valid agreement to arbitrate was not made; or
(iii) the agreement to arbitrate had not been complied with; or
(iv) the arbitrated claim was barred by limitation under subdivision (b) of section 7502.
(c) Grounds for modifying. The court shall modify the award if:
1. there was a miscalculation of figures or a mistake in the description of any person, thing or property referred to in the
2. the arbitrators have awarded upon a matter not submitted to them and the award may be corrected without affecting the
merits of the decision upon the issues submitted; or
3. the award is imperfect in a matter of form, not affecting the merits of the controversy.
(d) Rehearing. Upon vacating an award, the court may order a rehearing and determination of all or any of the issues either
before the same arbitrator or before a new arbitrator appointed in accordance with this article. Time in any provision limiting
the time for a hearing or award shall be measured from the date of such order or rehearing, whichever is appropriate, or a time
may be specified by the court.
(e) Confirmation. Upon the granting of a motion to modify, the court shall confirm the award as modified; upon the denial of
a motion to vacate or modify, it shall confirm the award.
Sec. 7512. Death or incompetency of a party. Where a party dies after making a written agreement to submit a controversy to
arbitration, the proceedings may be begun or continued upon the application of, or upon notice to, his executor or administrator
or, where it relates to real property, his distributee or devisee who has succeeded to his interest in the real property. Where a
committee of the property or of the person of a party to such an agreement is appointed, the proceedings may be continued upon the
application of, or notice to, the committee. Upon the death or incompetency of a party, the court may extend the time within
which an application to confirm, vacate or modify the award or to stay arbitration must be made. Where a party has died since an
award was delivered, the proceedings thereupon are the same as where a party dies after a verdict.
Sec. 7513. Fees and expenses. Unless otherwise provided in the agreement to arbitrate, the arbitrators` expenses and fees,
together with other expenses, not including attorney`s fees, incurred in the conduct of the arbitration, shall be paid as
provided in the award. The court, on application, may reduce or disallow any fee or expense it finds excessive or allocate it as
Sec. 7514. Judgment on an award. (a) Entry. A judgment shall be entered upon the confirmation of an award.
(b) Judgment-roll. The judgment-roll consists of the original or a copy of the agreement and each written extention of time within which to
make an award; the statement required by section 7508 where the award was by confession; the award; each paper submitted to the court and each
order of the court upon an application under sections 7510 and 7511; and a copy of the judgment.